Directions: Read the followi ng passages carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words).

Culture shock is so named because of the effect it has on people when they enter a new culture. Experts have been interested in these effects and have agreed on

five basic stages of culture shock. These stages are general and should only be

used as a reference. Not every individual will go through each stage, and one s

tage may last longer that another for different individuals.

The hardest thing for most travelers to deal with is the emotional “roller

coaster” they seem to be riding. One moment they feel very positive toward the

new culture, and the next moment very negative. It seems common that international visitors and immigrants vacillate between loving and hating a new country. Feelings of separation and alienation can be intensified if they do not have a sense of fitting in or belonging.

Fatigue is another problem people face when entering a new culture. There can be a sense of a greater need for sleep. This is due not only to physical tiredness, but also to mental fatigue. This mental fatigue comes from straining to comprehend the language, and coping with new situations. 

The impact of culture shock can vary from person to person. There can be significant differences because some people may be better prepared to enter a new culture. Four factors which play into these are personality, language ability, length of stay, and the emotional support received.

It is logical to think that when people are deprived of their familiar surroundings they will feel disoriented. One solution some have found is to bring a few small reminders of home. Pictures, wall hangings, favorite utensils, and keep

sakes are all good candidates to make things feel more fa


            What Will Shanghai Be Like in 2010?
      As we all know, the World Expo will be held in Shanghai in 2010. No doubt Shanghai will be more beautiful by then. 
      In 2010 you can see more and more high-rises in Shanghai.More underground railways will be built. You will find it more convenient to travel in Shanghai.  More trees will be planted.The water will be cleaner and the sky will be bluer. What a nice city!
      In 2010,  many more foreign friends will come to visit Shanghai. So Shanghai will be really an international city. Don’t you think so?


english is a crazy language. 英语里有许多非常好玩的单词,



  There is no egg in eggplant (1) nor ham in hamburger(2), neither apple nor pine in pineapple(3)。


  English muffins(4) weren't invented in England or French fries(5) in France。


  Sweetmeats(6) are candies while sweetbreads(7), which aren't sweet, are meat。


  We find that quicksand(8) can work slowly, boxing rings(9) are square and a guinea pig(10) is neither from Guinea nor is it a pig。


  If a vegetarian(11) eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian(12) eat?


  How can a slim chance(13) and a fat chance(14) be the same, while a wise man(15) and wise guy(16) are opposites?

  胖瘦截然相反,可后面跟着chance就都变成“机会渺茫”了;聪明人(wise man)改一个词,就沦落为自作聪明的人(wise guy),

  How can overlook(17) and oversee(18) be opposites, while quite a lot(19) and quite a few(20) are alike?

  Look和see是近义词,但oversee监视,overlook意思怎么就是忽视呢;A lot和a few是反义词,但与quite连用,怎么都表示很多的意思呢!

  When the stars are out(21), they are visible, but when the lights are out(22), they are invisible。


  When you wind up your watch(23), you start it, but when you wind up an essay(24), you end it?

  给表上发条,表就开始走了;wind up一篇文章,哈哈,文章到此结束啦。


An Unforgettable Girl

On August 31, 2000, after a 12-hour journey by bus in the rain, I arrived in Yantai, a coastal city of Shandong Province. It was the first time when I went to so far a place from my hometown. I had just graduated from a teachers’ university as a junior college student, majoring in english language teaching. I was to further my study as a senior in Yantai for another two years. After getting off the bus, I found the rain had stopped and I was completely lost. Considering my limited economic situation, instead of taking a taxi, I got on the bus No. 9, which is said to be available to my destination. It is on that very bus that very bus that I came across an unforgettable girl.

Then it was about seven o’clock in the evening. The sea wind was very cool, touching my tired body. The bus was very crowded. With my great luggage, I even could not find a place to settle down my feet. I did not know at which station I should get down; even worse, I did not know that the bus just passes the crossroad which is 500 meters away from the university, instead of passing the very gate of it. Although I had told the conductor to inform me where I should get down, I was not sure she could remember my asking for favor. Poor at mandarin, I was too timid to repeat it. I was absolutely at a loss what to do. May the God bless me.

It was completely dark, after we passed several stations. At about half past seven, we came to a small station. As soon as the bus was about to leave for another station, when I heard the sound of knocking at the window, with a soft voice saying, “Hi, pal, why not get down? Here we are.” Looking outside of the bus window, I saw a girl who was very shy and a little bit worried when talking to me. I suddenly came back to the reality from my dream-like unconsciousness and got down the bus in a jump, with bags in each hand. I greeted her and expressed my gratitude sincerely, but in poor mandarin. Then I saw she was a petite but athletic girl, with middle stature, white skin, and a ponytail, wearing a mini-skirt and a pair of sports shoes, with a bag on her back. Later, I knew she was in grade 2, majoring in geography, born in another coastal city of Shanding Province- Qingdao.

What I have been regretting now is that I did not ask her name then, and later I did not go to her department to look for her, not mention to thank her. In the following two years, I came across a girl for several times. They were very alike. But I was not sure and did not have the courage to recognize her. It was all because of my terrible introvert nature.

That evening the girl did not leave until I settled in the very building where I lived for two years, without giving me a chance to say “thanks a lot”. That night, I made a very sweet dream in which the girl married me.

I want to beg the girl’ pardon for my unwillingly neglect of beautiful friendship. I miss her and want to see her again, because she, younger than me, told to me, silently, what is worth cherishing, what is worth pursuing, what I should do to my character, what I should do to others, and the very fact that the relationship among people is a very beautiful thing.




     Reading for Pleasure
         he first thing I want to insist on is that reading should be enjoyable. Of course, there are many books that we all have to road, either to pass examinations or to acquire information,from which it is impossible to extract enjoyment. We aro reading them for instruction, and the best we can hope is that our need for it will enable us to get through them without todium. Such books wo read with resignation rather than with alacrity. But that is not the sort of roading I have in mind. The books I shall mention in due course will help you neither to get a degree nor to earn your living, they will not teach you to sail a boat or get a stalled motor to run, but they will help you to live more fully. That, however, they cannot do unless you enjoy reading them.
      Every man is his own best critic. Whatever the learned say about a book, however unanimous they are in their praise of it,unless it interests you, it is no business of yours. And you who read are the final judge of the value to you of the book you are reading. We are none of us exactly like everyone else, only rather like, and it would be unreasonable to suppose that the books that have meant a great deal to me should be precisely those that will mean a great deal to you. But they are books that I feel the richer for having read, and I think I should not be quite the man I am if I had not read them. No one is under an obligation to read poetry or fiction or the miscellaneous literature which is classed as belleslettres. He must read them for pleasure, and who can claim that what pleases one man must necessarily please another?


Reading for Pleasure(为快乐而读书)

,  自然,我们每一个人都会为了通过考试,或是为了获取信息而阅读大量的书籍。从这样的阅读中我们无法获取快乐。我们读这些书是为了接受教育。我们最多只能希望自己对这些书籍的需要使得我们在读完之后不至于感到单调乏味。这样的书,我们读得无可奈何而不是轻松愉快。然而,我心目中的阅读不属于这一种。我在下面很快将要提到的那一类书既不能帮助你获取学位,也不能帮助你挣钱谋生,更不能教会你驾驶船只或修好出了故障的马达,然而,


                         “Wonderful” washing machine
     Our factory has a history of thirty years in making washing machines  Each “Wonderful” washing machine is strictly examined ten times before being sent out of the factory. It does have high quality and new, excellent style. The machine is controlled by computer, so it’s easy to use. When it Works, you rest.Any machine can last at least ten years without any repair. The price of “Wonderful” washing machine is reasonable. You’ll be surely satisfied with it. We think it’s a wise choice for you to buy a “Wonderful” washing machine.


Wonderful washing machine(“Wonderful”牌洗衣机)




1) 关系代词用来引导定语从句,


。它代表先行词,同时在从句中作一定的句子成分,例如:The girl to whom I spoke is my cousin. 跟我讲话的姑娘是我表妹。(该句中whom既代表先行词the girl,又在从句中作介词to的宾语。)

 2) 关系代词有主格,宾格和属格之分,并有指人与指物之分。在限定性定语从句中,that 可指人也可指物,见表:
      限定性   非限定性    限定性
      指 人   指  物   指人或指物
主 格   who    which     that
宾 格   whom    that     that
属 格   whose  of which/whose  of which/whose

  This is the pencil whose point is broken.
  (whose 指物,在限定性定语从句中作定语)
  He came back for the book which he had forgotten. 他回来取他丢下的书。

 3) 关系代词which的先行词可以是一个句子,例如:
  He said he saw me there, which was a lie.

 说明: 关系代词that在从句中作宾语或表语时可省略, 例如:
  I’ve forgotten much of the Latin I once knew. 
  He’s changed. He’s not the man he was.




  英文名称:electronic toys


  英文名称:plastic toys


  英文名称:intelligence toys


  英文名称:staff toys


  英文名称:stuffed toy


  英文名称:fancy toy




      Dancing is a popular pastime to many people all over the world. Way back to past centuries, and even today, tribal people engage in dancing as a form of worship or as a part of a ceremony in a celebration. On such occasions, dancing can be very solemn. In modern times, dancing appeals to different people for different reasons.
      Young people often include dancing in parties or at other social gatherings.  It seems to be an incentive for them to gather. They look forward to dancing into the night during parties without feeling fatigue.
      To the elderly, the steps in dancing are reduced with a slower tempo in the music. They gather in community centers to learn folk dance and, at the same time, to know one another in such informal interactions.
      Personally, I doubt the effectiveness of dancing as a major role in keeping one’s body healthy and in good shape. Activi-ties such as jogging, swimming and playing games are more  effective for attaining good health. They can burn off calories in our bodies and develop our muscles. To me, there are more meaningful and effective ways to keep fit.



1) 不定冠词位置


 a. 位于下列形容词之后: such,what,many,half,
   I have never seen such an animal.
   Many a man is fit for the job.

 b. 当名词前的形容词被副词as, so, too, how, however, enough修饰时,不定冠词应放在形容词之后:
   It is as pleasant a day as I have ever spent.
   So short a time.
   Too long a distance.

 c. quite,rather与单数名词连用,冠词放在其后,
但当rather,quite 前仍有形容词,不定冠词放其前后均可。如:quite a lot

 d. 在as,though 引导的让步状语从句中,当标语为形容词修饰的名词时,不定冠词放形容词后:
    Brave a man though he is,he trembles at the sight of snakes. 他尽管勇敢,可见到蛇还是发抖。

2) 定冠词位置
  定冠词通常位于名词或名词修饰语前,但放在all, both,double,half,twice,three times等词之后,名词之前。
  All the students in the class went out. 班里的所有学生都出去了。