Sarah : Anybody here?
Shop-keeper : Coming, I’m coming….Hi, Sarah. What do you want today?
Sarah : Quite a lot. I need one pound of potatoes, three pints of milk, a dozen brown eggs, two pounds of corn, one pint of olive oil, one pound of cucumber, half a pound of mushroom, and one pound of tomatoes.
Shop- keeper : Do you need any fruit? Our fruit is very fresh today.
Sarah : How do you sell the lemons?
Shop- keeper : Lemons are three for ten cents.
Sarah : Are they juicy? I want to use them for juice.
Shop-keeper : They are ripe and juicy, so are the watermelon.
Sarah : No, I don’t want watermelons. They’re not in season yet. Just give me a dozen lemons.
Shop- keeper : Very well. Anything else?
Sarah : I also need a loaf of sliced bread and a pound of coffee.
Shop- keeper : What kind of coffee? Drip or instant?
Sarah : Give me the coarser grind. We make coffee in a percolator at home.
Shop- keeper : All right.
Sarah : And a bottle of catsup. Any brand will do….Can you send this order to my house this afternoon?
Shop- keeper : Certainly!
Sarah : Thanks. How much will that be? I’ll give you a cheque now.

1.Grind n.碾、研磨,亦可当动词,

At a Grocery Store 在杂货店

2.Percolator n.咖啡过滤器,附有过滤器的咖啡壶。


  Directions: For this part you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Is Stress a Bad Thing? You should write no less than 150 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:





  “I can’t stand the pressure and competition,” explained one friend of mine when asked why he decided to quit his highly-paid but demanding position in his company recently. My friend may have his own reasons, but I don’t think his decision is wise in reality.

  It’s true that my friend’s case is not unique. In the last few years quite a number of men and women have chosen to do something less competitive at the cost of a comfortable, easy life a highly-paid job can obtain. They are afraid that the stresses and strains of work will rob them of joy and happiness and do them harm both physically and mentally. In fact, however, stress isn’t the bad thing it is often supposed to be. Unless it gets out of control, a certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and challenge, and to give purpose and significance to an otherwise meaningless, idle life. People under stress tend to express their full range of potential and to actualize their own personal worth——the very aim of a human life.

  Stress is a natural part of everyday life and there is no way to avoid it. What we can do is to develop our adaptive abilities to deal with it rather than to escape from it.


Online Education

 Online Education




  Being online is no longer something strange in our life. To some degree, it has become part of our daily life. We can do a lot of things online, such as searching for information and communicating with friends far and near. But recently another helpful online activity has become very “in”. That is online education.

  Why could online education be so popular within such a short period of time? Among other reasons, the quick development of the internet should be an essential one, which makes all our dreams of attending class in the distance possible. Another underlying reason is the quick development of both society and technology. Today,modern science and technology is developing with lightening speed. To catch up with this development we all feel an urgent and strong desire to study. However, due to the great pace of modern society, many people are too busy to study full time at school. Online education just comes to their aid.

  Personally, I appreciate this new form of education. It’s indeed a helpful complement to the traditional educational means. It can provide different learners with more flexible and versatile ways of learning. Most of all,with online education, we can sick to our jobs and at the same time study and absorb the latest knowledge.


open (a.) 有空档的

open (a.)   
有空档的 (球场用语)
Pass me the ball! I’m open!


Dear citizens,
      We are a group of students in a middle school. We find that many trees in our city have been damaged. Trees are our good friends. They clean the air and bring us enough oxygen. They help keep the balance of nature.  The green leaves and the different gestures of the trees add beauty to our city. With trees,many birds come to our city.  They make our life vivid and interesting. We should protect the trees. Now we are calling.Don’t hurt our friends — trees.
                                                 A group of students



1.  禁喇叭    No horn.
2.  禁闯红灯  No joywalking.
3.  禁止通行  No passing. No Through Traffic.
4.  禁止越线  Keep in lane.
5.  禁止汽车  Auto Not Permitted.
6.  不准回转  No U Turn
7.  不准入内  No Entry
8.  不准停车  No Parking
9.  不准等候  No Waiting
10.不准左转 Keep Right
11.不准右转 Keep Left
12.不准超车 No Overhead
13.不准掉头 No Turns
14.禁止鸣笛 No tooting

1.  慢(快)车道 Slow(Quick) Lane
2.  单行道   One Way Only, Single Lane
3.  双车道   Two-way Traffic
4.  高速公路 Freeway(FWY), highway
5.  公路     Express way
6.  收费站   Toll Station
7.  高架道路 Elevated road
8.  入口     Entrance</P< p>;
9.  出口     Exit
10.  由此而入  Enter here
11.绕路而行 Detour
12.大路     Avenue
13.林荫大道 Boulevard(Blvd)
14.小路     Path
15.人行道   Pavement
16.宁静区   Silent Zone
17.徒步区   Walking area
18.拱桥     Arch bridge
19.停车处   Parking Lot(Zone)
20.地下道   Underpass

1.  窄路     Narrow road
2.  滑路     Slippery road
3.  斜坡     Steep hill



The rain lasted for the whole weekend, and then another two-day small snow followed. It seemed that everything was frozen. But just as soon as I got up this morning, I noticed a piece of sunshine coming through the window. Sunshine! What a surprise! The weather finally had changed fine.
On the way to classroom, I noticed that the scenery of the campus was so lovely under the sunshine. Everything seemed to be fresh and new! During the rest of the classes, I suggested one of my classmates to have a walk. It was my first time to walk on that path which was under a shade and beside a peaceful lake. It’s a good place for walking. The sunshine was so warm that it seemed to also shine inside my heart! Then in the afternoon, also in the break of the classes, Miss. Wang advised us to have a look at the scenery outside the window. That’s another marvelous picture. There are a large piece of trees with yellow leaves which a bit looked like maple leaves. Those leaves were waving under the sunshine, through which we could see some outline of the hills far away.
What a beautiful day and a marvelous sunshine!




spend/ take /cost



1)The boy spends a lot of money.(in) playing computer games.
2)She spent lots of money on books last year.
It takes +(人)+时间+ to do sth.
1)How long does it take you to finish the work?
2)It took me an hour to repair my bike.
3)It takes a lot of courage to tell the truth.
③cost的主语通常是事物,即指 ①某物值多少钱②需要多少时间③某人花了多少钱④使(某人)(丧失)(事/物)+cost+(人)+时间/金钱
1)The watch cost me two hundred yuan.
2)Writing a novel cost plenty of time.
3)The girl’s bad behavior cost her parents many sleepless nights.

1)The students speak english very fluently.
2)The Prime Minister spoke on the international situation.
3)She always speaks ill of others.
Generally speaking 一般而言
Frankly speaking 坦白地说
Strictly speaking 严格地说
not to speak of 且不说;更不用说
1)Generally speaking, man is stronger than woman.
2)We can speak English, not to speak of Chinese.
1)She said ,“I love you.”
2)Say goodbye to them.
3)She says she is busy.
4)My watch says 10:00 sharp.
5)The paper says that there was a big fire in Shanghai.
6)It is said that she has been away for a month.
7)It goes without saying that education is important.


at the eleventh hour 

Thank God, you’re here. I thought you might not be able to make it.

at the eleventh hour (在最后一刻)

I looked everywhere to find my passport. Then I found it at the eleventh hour.


        How influentital the Media on Teens Are
     It has been a hot topic discussed heatedly for the time being that how indeed the media influence our teens. Different peopie  come  up  with  different opinions. The following passages are two different comments given by several  teenagers ranging from 15 to 20.
      One, Teens are the most influenced and the easiest to be influenced by the media. The media influence the way they dress, talk and conduct themselves. From the latest trends to the coolest celebrities, they imirate what they see, whether it’s Katie Holmes’s new haircut or the pink shirt that Christina Aguilera wore. So it follows that more serious actions like carrying arms or doing drugs could be copied as well.
      Young people are impressionable. Therefore, some request that the media should take responsibility by changing some of the content of their shows  especially those for teens. They are huge consumers of media, so networks should show them respect by promoting positive images. They think some shows confuse the lines between entertainment and life.The producers know their audiences are young, so they should realize that teens watching “reality” shows might not be able
to tell the difference between fantasy and fiction.
      Opposing voices have also come from others. They think that they use the media–magazines, television and movies–to connect to one another and to the world, so naturally,they’re influenced by the images the media present. For example, a boy would be lying if he said he didn’t want to be like Brad Pitt. Pitt’s flawless style, good looks and moneymaking talent seem to define what’s “cool”.
     Nevertheless, those teens hold that the media only provide information, what they as viewers do with that knowledge is up to th